Collaborationism and Holocaust: the case of Ukrainian police in Kyiv

Daniil Sytnyk

Daniil Sytnyk – a postgraduate student of the Doctoral School of the National University “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy” (daniil.sytnyk@ukma.edu.ua). Research interests: collaboration during World War II.

The memory of the Second World War lives to this day, because it affected the families of each of us. Among those living then under the German occupation were different people: someone was just trying to survive in difficult conditions of hunger, someone was trying to fulfill their career ambitions; others became marauders and murderers, or their victims. The theme of collaborationism is one of the most closed and emotional, as it forces to talk about the killers and their victims. This lecture is the author’s interpretation of events related to the activities of one of the most mythologized institutions – the auxiliary police of a particular city – and its role in the implementation of the Holocaust.

Why Did Men Rape? Masculinity, Sexual Violence, and the Holocaust

Marta Havryshko

Marta Havryshko holds PhD. in history. She is an Associate Researcher at the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences. She is a Babyn Yar interdisciplinary studies Institute director of the Babyn Yar Holocaust Memorial Center (Kyiv). Her research interests primarily focus on gender, sexuality, and violence during World War II and the Holocaust in Ukraine, feminism, nationalism, and militarism. Currently, she is developing her book project on sexual violence during the Holocaust in Nazi-occupied Ukraine.

Sexual violence during the Holocaust had an explicit gendered nature: most of the victims/survivors were Jewish women and girls, and this violence was overwhelmingly perpetrated by males – Germans, their allies, local collaborators in the Nazi-occupied territories, partisans, and civilian men. The presentation will focus on the motivation of men involved in sexually violent behavior. It explores the following questions: how did the age, ethnic and religious identity, combatant status, and power position of men contribute to sexual violence perpetration? How did cultural ideas and discourses of masculinity/femininity and gender roles influence perpetrators’ motivations and strategies for sexual violence? What what the role of militarized masculinity in the sexual victimization of Jewish women and girls? How Nazi genocidal policy enabled men to assert power over women?

Remembrance of the Second World War in Ukraine

Georgiy Kasyanov

Head of the Department of Modern History and Politics at the Institute of History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine

A lecture by Georgiy Kasyanov, Head of the Department of Modern History and Politics at the Institute of History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine. An introduction to the history of Ukraine in the Second World War and the narratives that have emerged since.